Scientific Illustrations: A Complete Guide for Researchers

As a researcher, writing reports and articles is a big part of your job. Academics and scientists everywhere spend the majority of their time either doing research or writing about it. However, there is one aspect of reports and articles that we don’t think about very often, and that is scientific i

Scientific Posters: An Effective Way of Presenting Research

Scientific publications such as manuscripts, abstracts, posters, and oral presentations aid in disseminating clinical data to the scientific world and maintain transparency of the research outcome and interest in a medical brand.Publication of a manuscript in a scientific journal generates peer-revi

Practical Tips on Figure and Table Legends for Manuscripts

Manuscript writing is an integral part of sharing research outcomes. Authors write and publish manuscripts that target a specific journal audience. A manuscript presenting original research data contains different sections, namely introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusions. Usually,

Distill: A Journal with Interactive Images for Machine Learning Research

Research is a wide and extensive field of study. This field has welcomed a plethora of individuals looking to explore, learn, and create value for civilization over the years. However, the lack of interactive visuals is a challenge that has plagued the research field for an extended period of time.

Scientific Fraud: How Journals Detect Image Manipulation (Part 2)

In the first part of this series, we highlighted the challenges and takes from authors and journals on image manipulation.So who’s really in charge of making sure that journals do not publish manipulated images? Mike Rossner, for one. While at JCB, he discovered that “about 1% of accepted papers had

Scientific Fraud: How Journals Detect Image Manipulation (Part 1)

In 2009, researcher Hwang Woo-Suk was convicted of research misconduct that included embezzlement and unethical procurement of human eggs. Among his less widely reported ethical violations, however, was the manipulation of images to show negative staining for a cell-surface marker.In 2013, readers o

Analyze and Process Your Images in Seconds with ImageJ!

ImageJ is a software package developed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Formerly known as NIH Image, it was originally developed for the McIntosh computer system. However, it is now also available for Windows and Linux. The software was developed to allow better image analysis and enhanc

Canva–Present Your PhD Research in Style & Get a Job!

Canva is a design program that began with an idea back in 2007. Founder Melanie Perkins at the University of Western Australia taught students how to use various design programs and felt that some of these programs were difficult to learn and use. Along with her co-founder, Cliff Obrecht, Perkins de

How to Create and Use Gantt Charts

There are several tools available to help you plan your research project. They help you organize your thoughts and create a research plan against a timeline. One such tool is called a Gantt chart. Gantt charts were first created in the mid-1890s and revised by Henry Gantt in the early 1900s. Gantt c

Why is Data Visualization Important in Academic Research?

Data sets are sometimes hard to understand. Data analysis and data modeling can be complicated, but there are likely better ways to visualize your data. So, what is data visualization? Simply put, it is a way to represent data that allows people to understand data more easily. There are many tools a

Effective Use of Tables and Figures in Research Papers

Research papers are often based on copious amounts of data that can be summarized and easily read through tables and graphs. When writing a research paper, it is important for data to be presented to the reader in a visually appealing way. The data in figures and tables, however, should not be a rep

Report Research Data Using Box Plots and Bar Charts

Box charts and box plots are often used to visually represent research data. Therefore, it is important to understand the difference between the two. The use of box plot vs. box chart depends on the nature of data and the interpretation a researcher would like to convey.Box Plots and How to Read The

How to Avoid Image Manipulation in Research Papers

Image manipulation in manuscripts has become an emerging type of research misconduct, with nearly 4% of papers exhibiting some type of suspicious image alteration. Between Google images and photo editing tools, it is possible to modify images easily. While modifying images may be for better presenta

Chartjunk: How to Avoid Confusing Elements in Your Figures

Chartjunk, coined by Edward Tufte in his book entitled The Visual Display of Quantitative Information, refers to decorations in a graphic that have no purpose. In many cases, researchers add these (e.g., different patterns in a histogram) to try to make the graphic look more “technical”; however, th

Choosing the Best Format to Present Your Data

There are many useful ways to present your research data to editors, referees, and readers. Tables and figures are particularly effective when large amounts of information have to be presented and discussed in an effective way. In fact, many journal editors and reviewers take a quick look at all the

Tips for Creating Tables: How to Get Them Right

A cornerstone of scientific manuscripts that are successfully published is their judicious and effective use of tables and figures. The former are best used to depict trends in the data, such as time-series and distributions, especially if they are statistically significant, and for showing complex

Enhancing Research Articles with Tables and Figures

Tables and figures undoubtedly play a critical role in enhancing manuscript quality. Scientific tables and graphs represent a large amount of statistical data in a consolidated manner. Since figures and tables are easy to refer to, readers prefer scanning through the tables and figures to get a fair

Image Manipulation in Research Articles

Advanced technologies have put the control of scientific images in the hands of researchers and authors. For example, the blots and gels that accompany and represent data in an article, may be manipulated in a variety of ways. However, there are two basic categories of image manipulation or image ed

Is Your Image the Whole Truth?

It has been said that a picture is worth a thousand words. Images are a powerful addition to a scientific manuscript—they can help clarify what has been said in the text and can also convey a stunning or unexpected finding. There are many software programs available for image manipulation. Although

Improving Clarity and Color in Scientific Images

For a scientific image to be effective, its meaning must be readily understood. There are three main areas to consider when constructing a graphic image to accurately represent textual data:Clear MessagingUncluttered GraphicsColor ChoiceScientific images or figures represent textual data in a concis

Preparing your Best Artwork for Journals

Modern science has long relied on published manuscript articles as the primary vehicle to communicate research. An indispensable feature of nearly all manuscripts—especially in the natural sciences—is the inclusion of high-quality artwork1. Its purpose is to enhance the visual understanding of the r