June 18 2020

Safe Clinical Research Guidelines During a Pandemic

The current coronavirus pandemic required a swift response from authorities in an effort to manage the spread of the virus. Lockdown in many countries was enforced quickly to try and slow the spread of the Coronavirus, including restrictions to healthcare facilities. Safety for everyone was the firs

February 6 2020

“Statistical Significance” a Term of the Past?

You can also listen to this article as an audio recording.https://www.enago.com/academy/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/amazon_polly_137.mp3What do you do when you are trying to decide if your treatment is effective? In your research study, there are two groups (or more), where one group (or the test g

February 1 2020

How (and Why!) to Write a Great Lay Summary

Millions of scientific articles are published every year and important scientific breakthroughs are happening daily. Scientific research is one of the most important foundations of modern life, yet it can be difficult for the average person especially when it comes to following new developments in s

November 15 2019

Chasing the P-Value: Statistical Significance and the Perils of P-Hacking

In the world of research, we learn about the importance of statistical significance. The p-value (the p stands for “probability”) is crucial. Usually, a p-value of less than 0.05 is considered significant. The smaller the value, the more significant the results.You can also listen to this article as

August 1 2019

Preproducibility Preceeds Reproducibility in Research

Reproducibility is vital to research practice. Fundamentally, it means that different researchers use the same method, under the same conditions, and they should get similar results. Reproducibility is the only thing that an investigator can guarantee about a study. In addition, it ensures transpar

April 11 2019

Checklist: Guide For Writing a Successful GPF Application Essay

This checklist will guide the students through the GPF application writing and submission process. GPF or Global PhD Fellowship is organized by Korean Research Foundation. This program provides financial support to eligible graduate and postgraduate students. The application essay is divided into fo

February 23 2019

3 Ways to Effectively Manage a Research Grant

After putting in grueling weeks and months preparing your grant proposal, there is nothing better than clicking on that email that says your work has paid off; you got the grant! Before you pop open the champagne, you need to make sure you are prepared to use the money well. Grant funding is an esse

February 14 2019

How to Develop a Good Research Hypothesis

A hypothesis is a statement that introduces a research question and proposes an expected result. It is an integral part of the scientific method that forms the basis of scientific experiments. Therefore, you need to be careful and thorough when building your hypothesis. A minor flaw in the construct

June 18 2018

How to Draft the Acknowledgment Section of a Manuscript

The acknowledgment section is an integral part of all academic research papers. It provides appropriate recognition to all contributors for their hard work. We discuss here, the relevant guidelines for acknowledging contributors.Defining Who Is AcknowledgedThe acknowledgment section helps identify t

April 26 2018

Abstract vs. Introduction: Do You Know the Difference?

Ross wants to publish his research. He sits to draft his manuscript. After completing the abstract, he proceeds to write the introduction. He finds himself a bit confused. Do the abstract and introduction mean the same? How is the content for both the sections different? This is a dilemma faced by s

February 27 2018

How to Conduct Literature Surveys Using Multidisciplinary Databases (Part 3)

Writing a good literature review is essential for any good research. In our previous articles in this series, we learned about databases used in literature review for life science and medicine. However, there are some databases that can be used for literature review of more than one subject. These a

February 19 2018

Discussion Vs. Conclusion: Know the Difference Before Drafting Manuscripts

The discussion section of your manuscript can be one of the hardest to write as it requires you to think about the meaning of the research you have done. An effective discussion section tells the reader what your study means and why it is important. In this article, we will cover some pointers for w

February 15 2018

How to Conduct Literature Surveys Using Medicine Databases (Part 2)

This is the second in a series of articles that discusses the different databases used in literature review and how they are important to your research and writing. Part I discussed the reference databases that are geared toward the life sciences and related fields. This article discusses those that

February 12 2018

Tips on Drafting an Impactful Structured Abstract

The abstract is in many ways the most important part of an academic paper. Peers and reviewers alike decide whether or not they will continue to read an article based on the abstract. It is important that academic writers choose the appropriate type of abstract for their study that will present thei

February 8 2018

Perspective: How to Share Opinion on Research Articles

When we think of research articles, most of the time we think of articles that present the results of studies that took a long time to complete. Generally, these articles contain theories, testable hypotheses and extensive methodological justifications for conducting analyses. There are, however, ma

January 21 2018

Annex vs. Appendix: Do You Know the Difference?

What do math geniuses, scientific visionaries, economic gurus, legal scholars, leaders in government, business mavens, and the most brilliant minds in academia all have in common? No matter how skilled and informed they are in their fields, they all have to struggle with the technical requirements o

January 16 2018

Reject Your Own Manuscript! Why Self-Editing is Critical

Professor Wahoo of Big Science University was confident as he dropped his manuscript into the post. Writing the paper was the final act of a lengthy and difficult research project. He knew that it was an excellent study and one that would change the nature of his field. Although he had only written

January 9 2018

How to Conduct Literature Surveys Using Life Science Databases (Part 1)

When thinking about or beginning a research project, part of your arsenal of ideas should be your literature search. The key to literature search is a database. A database is not just a random compilation of references. It is a useful tool from which you can glean information to either support your

January 4 2018

How to Write Chemical Compound Names in Journal Manuscripts (Part 3)

In part 1 & part 2 of this series, we discussed scientific nomenclature of plants, animals, and bacteria. In the final part, we will share tips to help you navigate through chemical compound nomenclature for your manuscript. Chemical compound names and formula can be very complex. Naming conventions

December 6 2017

Structure of a Research Paper: Tips to Improve Your Manuscript

You’ve spent months or years conducting your academic research. Now it’s time to write your journal article. For some, this can become a daunting task because writing is not their forte. It might become difficult to even start writing. However, once you organize your thoughts and begin writing them

December 4 2017

In Vivo vs In Vitro: Writing Latin Terms in Your Manuscript

We see these words often in written works—the italicized abbreviations that no one seems to be able to define. They are commonly used in scientific papers. We should ensure that we are consistent in the use and format. Moreover, for Latin or any foreign phrases should we use italics, boldface, or re

November 14 2017

How to Write a Good Academic Biography (Part 2)

Writing an academic biography is part of many academic activities. Whether your paper is accepted in a journal or you’re asked to present your findings at a conference, you will be required to submit a biography. How would you begin writing? How long should it be? What should you include? The follow